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Photorechargeable battery: turning light energy into chemical energy and then electric energy

Reference

06039-01

Patents status

French priority patent application FR1361775 filed on November 28th, 2013 and entitled “ Dispositif électrochimique autophotorechargeable”

Inventors

Frédéric SAUVAGE
Christian ANDRIAMIADAMANANA
Christel LABERTY-ROBERT

commercial status

Exclusive or non-exclusive licenses

Laboratory

Laboratoire de Réactivité et Chimie des Solides (LRCS, UMR7314), Amiens, France.
Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Paris (CMCP, UMR7574), Paris, France.

Description

CONTEXT

Lithium batteries became essential components in many devices. However, these batteries offer low energy density and have to be recharged through the electricity grid leading to limited quantities of available energy.
Besides, in the last decades, devices transforming solar energy into electricity have been developed such as dye sensitized solar cell. However, they cannot stored the generated energy.
Photorechargeable batteries have therefore been proposed. However, performances one can get with these devices are limited, especially because of the low discharge kinetic reaction.
None of the documents of the prior art describes a device that first allows the conversion of light energy into electricity as well as it storage in the form of chemical energy and secondly shows good storage capacity. Such device will greatly benefit from its independence from the electricity grid due to its autonomous photorecharge.

TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION

In the present work, the inventors have developed a transparent photorechargeable electrochemical device that can store energy and be recharged under lights.
This invention is clearly a disruptive innovation in the field of energy storage and conversion through the combination in one device of 1) the conversion of light energy into electric energy and 2) its storage in the form of chemical energy.

The device comprises :

  • A positive electrode (transparent conductive substrate + n-type semi-conductor such as TiO2)
  • A negative electrode (alkali metal such as Li)
  • A liquid non aqueous electrolyte comprising a salt of previous alkali metal such as LiPF6 in an organic solvent such as ethylene carbonate / dimethyl carbonate.

DEVELOPMENT STAGE

The device as described above has been fully assessed on a laboratory scale: discharge, recharge and photorecharge.
The energy density of the tested device is 30 kWh/kg.

BENEFITS

Apart of the previously stated benefits.

  • The photorecharge can be done within few minutes.
  • The required light can be the sun as well as a regular indoor light.
  • Even though it takes longer, the charge can also be done classically through the grid. This then can answer the question of intermitting light phenomenon.
  • The energy density is particularly high compared to prior art devices.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS

Energy production, storage and distribution.

For further information, please contact us (Ref 06039-01)

 

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